A must on every Hindu pilgrim's itinerary, Yamunotri is an highly significant destination among the four Hindu shrines that constitute the Chardham Yatra in the state of Uttarakhand. It is the source of the holy river Yamuna and can be reached from popular towns like Rishikesh, Haridwar or Dehradun. The temple at Yamunotri is at a distance of 6 km from Hanuman Chatti, a small town in the Garhwal Himalayas. Visitors can cover this stretch either by taking a pony/ horse ride or by hiring palanquins. The Yamunotri shrine is also quite close to the Indo-Chinese border.
The temple and the place opens every year on the auspicious day of the akshya-tritya, which generally falls during the last week of April, or the first week of May. The temple always closes on the sacred day of Diwali mid- Oct. - 1st week of Nov., with a brief ceremony, the temple staff return to their villages and for the rest of the time the valley is gripped in no man silence and covered with white sheet of snow. With melting of snow next summer, temple re-opens to blissful happiness of thousands of visitors again.
"The daughter of the Sun god, Surya and consciousness, Sangya the birth place of the Yamuna is the Champasar Glacier (4421 m) just below the Banderpoonch mountain. The mountain adjacent to the river source is dedicated to her father, and is called Kalinda Parvat. Kalinda being another name of Surya. Yamuna is known for her frivolousness, a trait that she developed because as per a common story - Yamuna's mother could never make eye contact with her dazzling husband.
Geographic Details of Gangotri
Altitude: 3252 mts
Cool during day and cold at night.
In winters: Very cold, about to touching sub zero
April to July - Light woolen.
September to November - Heavy woolens